子承父业?

前几天在系里和L同学聊天,谈到为什么我一直坚定地寻找高校教职——我:“…, 很可能是受父母耳濡目染”,L同学笑称:“应该查查看经济学家的子女是不是也更想成为经济学家”。

这个想法引起了我的兴趣。虽然小时候我就经常叫嚣长大后要当老师(主要是不满于父母的寒暑假比我还长),但是我很肯定自己3年前(博一)还考虑过毕业是去高校还是公司。那么这一想法究竟是什么时候/怎么变成我根深蒂固的生活目标(之一)的呢?答案是:我真的不知道!

虽然我对自己的记忆力表示沮丧,”Is occupation inherited?” 这一问题依然吸引人。古有“子承父业”之说,那么当今社会里,父母的职业又会如何影响子女的职业选择呢?

下面又用到我最近很喜欢的相关系数图来表示父母子女的职业相关性:

130408_occ_corr

 

图中列出了5种职业,分别是:

1 Executive, Administrative, and Managerial Occupations
2 Professional Specialty Occupations
3 Farming, Forest, and Fishing Occupations
4 Production, Craft, and Repair Occupations
5 Else

R表示受访人,F和M分别表示受访人的父亲和母亲。绿色代表不同程度的正相关性,红色代表不同程度的负相关性。

从图中可以看到,如果父母从事Managerial或者Professional Occupations,子女也会有很大的相关性从事这两个行业,并且似乎不太会从事Farming/Production以及其他工作。另外三种行业也分别如此(黑色方框中的绿色)。

看来“子承父业”一说古今中外皆适用。

 

P.S. Economists属于Professional Specialty Occupations。

P.P.S. 图中配偶的职业相关性也值得注意。

 

 

106 thoughts on “子承父业?”

Numbers

Where are you calling from? robaxin ingredients 500 If so, Samaras would clear a hurdle that has stood in theway of his government for months

Gregg

I’m originally from Dublin but now live in Edinburgh pfizer antibiotic zyvox Reacting to the completion of the energy auction Energy Secretary Ed Davey, said: “This is fantastic news for bill-payers and businesses

Shaun

My battery’s about to run out where to buy hcg drops in canada stores But the talks were extended in view of persistently wide differences over the future size of Iran’s enrichment program.

William

We need someone with experience buy zyprexa online At the time, Bush said any misdeeds occurred before he joined the board and said he was dragged into the case because of his name.

Julio

Hold the line, please duromine 30mg results south africa The Health and Social Care Act 2008 (Regulated Activities) Regulations 2014 (the”Regulations’) extend the requirement that directors are ”fit and proper’ persons and the dutyof candour to apply to all service providers, as well as NHS trusts

Olivia

We’d like to invite you for an interview aerius desloratadine 0 5 mg As well as the slippers, some of its iconic objects include the legendary Hope Diamond, President Lincoln's top hat, the star-spangled banner that inspired the national anthem, and the Apollo lunar landing module.

George

How much is a First Class stamp? saxenda savings card australia “Sorry, miss, you’ll have to put some clothes on them,” he panted

Clifford

Best Site good looking diltiazem and verapamil Peer-to-peer money transfer works when people in other countries want to transfer money, too

Darrin

Will I get paid for overtime? t 99 prayer runescape Launched in 2010, Money Dashboard’s free app lets you monitor your online bank and credit card accounts and, in turn, keep tabs on your spending

Tyron

Just over two years creme del mar biofinite reviews “I recently saw a Chinese couple take their kids’ underwear off so he could pee near the shrine,” she said, a look of horror on her face

Sheldon

We went to university together valium safe while breastfeeding London luxury jeweler Laurence Graff, known as the “King of Diamonds”, bought a pair of Bulgari fancy vivid blue and fancy vivid pink diamond ear pendants for 15.5 million Swiss francs, Christie’s said.

Shaun

An accountancy practice ecoslim capsule The National Transportation Safety Board advised the department that its investigation has found no structural failure or aging aircraft issues were involved in the tanker crash, CalFire Director Ken Pimlott said.

Nestor

I went to how long is valium detectable in saliva And indeed, the premise is that staff will in reality only feel free to go on vacation ‘when they feel 100 per cent comfortable that they and their team are up to date on every project and that their absence will not in any way damage the business – or, for that matter, their careers.’

Daren

I’m not working at the moment otc med similar to prednisone Lower rates for longer are attractive to investors even if,if you follow the logic of Yellen and Dudley’s arguments, theycome courtesy of something you could call either post-crisisennui or secular stagnation.

Damion

Where are you from? mebendazole usp 100 mg Indeed, past presidents have had some luck in forging agreements with the opposing party, including Bill Clinton, who overcame staunch opposition from Republicans to work with the party to pass a balanced budget and welfare reform

Raleigh

I want to make a withdrawal alphaviril philippines “I would not be able to go home to my family and show my face, for me it is a disgrace

Damien

Can I take your number? how much depakote does it take to overdose Back in 1989, after Deng Xiaoping ordered the People’s Liberation Army to clear Tiananmen Square by force, he explained that the protests were inevitable because of China’s “small climate” (economic difficulties) and the world’s “large climate.”

Jared

Good crew it’s cool 🙂 the dash diet plan free The former England all-rounder, 36, came out of retirement earlier this season when he re-signed for Lancashire and made a surprise appearance for them in Saturday’s NatWest T20 Blast final defeat by Warwickshire at Edgbaston.

Sebastian

A book of First Class stamps cortisol levels and sleep Besides a cryptic tweet Perry wrote following Swift’s description of the track off her “1989” album, the “Roar” singer hasn’t exactly addressed their spat

Joseph

I’ll text you later nausea phenergan Francis hospital in Wichita, Kansas, became ill with listeriosis while hospitalized

Ezekiel

I’d like to apply for this job cellucor super hd powder weight loss The BBC obtained an interview with the official in charge, Mark Etherington, who tells viewers: “We found a tremendously backwards province… largely lawless, corruption was endemic

Harley

What sort of music do you like? compare ativan xanax valium It doesn’t work that way,” said Lawrence Gostin, a professor and global health expert at Georgetown University Law Center

Goodboy

I’ve got a part-time job baxyl review However, on Monday he said: “Can I please make it clear Ukip is committed to an NHS that is free at the point of access and paid for out of taxation, full stop.”

Elliott

this is be cool 8) valium kruidvat Tom and her sons Astala and Phaedra will always belong in our family, fractured so often, but never broken.”

Arlen

Whereabouts in are you from? can you take promethazine for stomach flu Washington state voters joined Colorado in 2012 in legalizing recreational marijuana, ushering in retail shops carrying a range of pot products for adults

Kerry

Free medical insurance robaxin 500 mg In discussing his legacy — something this delightfully self-absorbed host was always happy to do — Colbert fired back against the “thinkerati” who, he charged, were questioning his impact.

Denny

Best Site Good Work provigil 5000 i.u jak brac ANKARA, Turkey (AP) — Turkish prosecutors dropped a bribery and corruption investigation that forced four government ministers to step down earlier in the year, drawing criticism on Saturday from an international graft watchdog which said the case should have been followed through to counter allegations that powerful politicians are able to act with impunity.

Irving

I was made redundant two months ago comment prendre le valium “This is a fateful struggle, a close struggle, we must close the gap, it is possible to close this gap,” Netanyahu told the cheering crowd holding banners and waving flags

Wilfred

A few months valium cannabis effects Sheryl loves eggs, cheese, bacon, hamburgers, potatoes, blueberries, watermelon, peas and carrots – just about everything

Harlan

Photography can prednisone cause your blood pressure go up Our data will inform physicians and patients and help them to take decisions in a difficult situation,” he added.

Elliott

I’m doing an internship potensan vs robust In 1979, the SNP was riven by factionalism after areferendum on Scottish devolution failed

Kraig

No, I’m not particularly sporty buy provigil nz Military Commissions Act preservesthe defendants’ rights to counsel, to avoid self-incrimination and to be convicted only if there is proof of guilt beyond a reasonable doubt, Clayton said.

Malik

Can you put it on the scales, please? street value of valium 25 mg Between 2004 and 2013 the number of babies born at the Rotunda has increased from 6,731 to 8,841, while the number of mothers delivered in 2013 was 8,648

Sofia

I’m training to be an engineer can valium make you nauseated A: What seemed to have worked is precisely that the film doesn’t try to explain things but actually draws the audience in at a very basic psychological and emotional level, and makes them feel as if they’re watching something timeless.

Lucas

this is be cool 8) hcg 1234 drops by creative bioscience Much as I wish I could hop off the Staten Island ferry, onto a bike and be immediately on a safe, pedestrian- and dog-free bike lane, I still have to traverse the same streets as state senators.

Lily

I sing in a choir valium sensation GOTHAM is based upon the characters from DC Comics and is produced by Warner Bros

William

It’s serious ketoconazole tablet adalah obat untuk Now the American people are saying “no,” too — but you probably haven’t heard about that because, in the battle between the pressure groups, the “pro” side is whining while the “con” side is winning.

Porfirio

A First Class stamp online apotheke provigil The committee cited the example of Shire Pharmaceuticals, which used intra-company loans to divert profits to Luxembourg to take advantage of lower corporate tax rates

Errol

How much is a First Class stamp? buy caverject in thailand With even some Republicans voicing reservations, the Senate may have to strip out the immigration provisions and send a straight DHS funding bill back to the House, as the Feb

Kevin

A First Class stamp valium local anesthetic Just 9% of those in the other group managed to quit the habit, compared to 23% in the reward group.

Deandre

Yes, I play the guitar provigil the secret to success Researcher IHS Automotive puts sales at 1.09 million in 2014 and 1.15 million in 2015.

Leandro

I’d like to change some money tramadol and valium interactions The talented duo both looked radiant but Kaley had a special glow from her recent marriage to tennis player love Ryan Sweeting.

Romeo

I’ll call back later benefiber healthy shape nutritional info “Muhammad Ali, who suffers from Parkinson’s disease, is undergoing hospitalized follow-up care associated with the urinary tract infection for which he was previously being treated,” Thursday’s statement read

Britt

How much is a First Class stamp? where can i buy trim 250 forskolin However, if the guvnor finds not liberation but a financial burden he cannot bear, the tale may be very different

Richard

Is this a temporary or permanent position? buy prost xtra plush Apparently believing his own angry, divisive rhetoric hasn’t done the trick, Patrolmen’s Benevolent Association President Patrick Lynch has moved into calling on cops to split New York into their friends and their enemies.

Jerrell

It’s serious aduki diet ingredients But it is difficult for me to explain that we pay for you to raise your minimum wage and social assistance on higher levels than we have, but we have to pay for you”

Alfonzo

We’ve got a joint account hair bloom reviews The euro tumbled from around $1.09685, near the unchangedmark on the day, to a loss of 0.50 percent at the $1.0917 levelin the span of about 40 seconds just after 3 p.m

Donte

I’m happy very good site does trazodone cause sleep apnea Matz is hoping that the recent string of high-profile databreaches will get Congress to see things her way, even thoughboth chambers are controlled by Republicans, who tend to be waryof greater regulation.

Paris

Will I get travelling expenses? methocarbamol valium Daily News critic Michael Kaminer wrote: “I doubt you’ll taste anything this year as good” about the dessert that’s made from a powder of pulverized corn husk leaves blended into a traditional meringue and a pudding of corn puree, cream and mascarpone.

Seymour

I was born in Australia but grew up in England how to legally buy modafinil
Shortly before this incident China set up an Air Defence Identification Zone (ADIZ) in the East China Sea, and said that aircraft flying through the zone must follow its rules, including filing flight plans.

Lucas

Do you have any exams coming up? zenegra 50 tablets Siegelson presented outstanding Art Deco pieces, including an aquamarine, diamond and enamel bracelet by Jean Fouquet, for Maison Georges Fouquet, Paris, dated 1926, and a Tutti Frutti bracelet by Cartier, circa 1928.

Liam

Can I take your number? 45 mg valium high The White House accused the Republicans of trying to undermine the talks and has said it doesn’t need congressional approval of a final deal

Edward

How much notice do you have to give? slim fast diet plan pdf Exports fell from $307.4m between April and November in 2013, to $291.4m in the same period last year.

Alonso

A jiffy bag cellutone before and after “If you normally read papers you could say ‘Ah This is not good statistically – this is too thin.'”

Ricardo

Do you like it here? zyvox side effects vision According to 24/7, sales of Dos Equis spiked after the release of these commercials.

Nickolas

I went to alcohol mixed with valium That detail is all present and correct in the new tracks and riders, making for some great little flourishes.

Coco888

We need someone with qualifications fysiko eyelash serum reviews It may be used in conjunction with other health insurance or as stand-alone coverage

Humberto

It’s a bad line medicamento cataflam efectos secundarios Rob Corry, a longtime pro-marijuana crusader, acknowledges that his lawsuit has the potential to force the collapse of Colorado’s legal marijuana industry if a judge strikes down the taxation system

Chung

A company car can you buy monster truck tickets at the door The government gives the discounts with the goal ofhelping new entrants to the industry better compete withincumbents.

Murray

Have you got any qualifications? prozemax amazon It is the fifth biggest individual sector in Scotland, after manufacturing, retail, real estate and health (grouped with public administration and education in the chart above), according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).

Thomas

A company car la creme main chanel australia “We were 0-6 (last year), and then we started winning when we had him at middle linebacker

Garfield

How many would you like? nizoral crema This year’s bubble bunch took a hit Saturday when Wyoming beat San Diego State 45-43 in the Mountain West Conference Tournament championship game

Molly

What sort of music do you like? buy mytosterone Earlier this month, Russia banned all meat, fish, dairy, fruit and vegetable imports from the European Union, the United States, Canada and Australia for one year in retaliation for the sanctions imposed by these countries over the Ukraine crisis.

Mia

I’m on holiday roche valium 10mg trade leads But the main reason: Zarxio faces a serious roadblock from Amgen before it gets to market.

Claire

Please wait olay pro x eye restoration complex target “The Clinical Senate is made up of independent experts who have not been involved in the development of the proposed model

Buford

I never went to university bell forza mini u-lock
Indeed, many analysts think Putin is more likely to double-down and increase his efforts in Ukraine and perhaps expand them to neighboring Moldova than to make a deal and withdraw.

Cortez

Stolen credit card buy dermagist As first reported by the News, Gonzalez — who began as a patrolman 20 years ago and holds a Ph.D

Tyrone

About a year posologia valium 5 mg Staunchly opposed to the euro zone bailouts that Merkel hashelped to engineer, the AfD has tapped a vein of discontent withcareer politicians and bureaucrats, carving out a niche to theright of the mainstream parties.

Reginald

I’d like , please bactrim capsulas para que sirve But the oil market paid scant attention to the conflict, andfocused instead on Iran

Margarito

magic story very thanks what is prednisone used for in adults “They may have a few rough weeks after surgery, but then they are cancer-free.” Some patients benefit from post-surgical treatment which can take the form of external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) or hormonal therapy.

Demarcus

Is it convenient to talk at the moment? sudafed valium interaction A federal environmental review of Petronas’ PacificNorthWest LNG project is continuing, with the Malaysianstate-owned energy firm expected to make a final investmentdecision on the $11 billion facility before the end of the year.

Crazyfrog

How do I get an outside line? cost of estradiol tablets It said Floyd Carrier, which was an improvement, but the birth date was still wrong.

Kerry

A book of First Class stamps bologna violenta valium tavor serenase Lenders can charge upwards of 456 percent APR on the loans, and advocates of reform say the practice pushes the poor into unsustainable cycles of debt, which are often serviced by taking out additional loans

Luther

I’ve got a very weak signal valium to treat alcohol withdrawal “The speed and scale of the loss of lives, and the economic,social, political and security reverberations of the crisis areaffecting Liberia profoundly,” she said

Felipe

I’m a member of a gym how often can u take zofran while pregnant Its location, floating amongst thousands of bits of other space rock in the Asteroid Belt, is another clue that it hasn’t reached full planethood

Claude

Gloomy tales can slim fast diet work With its shares near all-time highs, Honeywell reports fourth-quarter earnings on Friday

Frankie

Best Site good looking can i take valium with codeine The sun had just illuminated the pines and the pink dogwood when he took a wedge to chip from 90 yards and eagled the hole in front of 200 people.

Diego

Excellent work, Nice Design garcinia lab side effects Miss Venezuela Migbelis Lynette Castellanos has tremendous support and pressure locally and back home

Laverne

I’m doing a masters in law maqui 6 reviews
Safety investigators are raising warnings about in-flight turbulence, which is the leading cause of injury to children on airplanes and can sometimes catapult lap children into another row

Rueben

I stay at home and look after the children glipizide er 5mg tablet Barfi told CNN’s “Anderson Cooper 360” that Sotloff’s family learned from unidentified “sources on the ground” that a member of a moderate Syrian rebel group contacted Islamic State militants about Sotloff

Lonny

I’m interested in this position are valium and lorazepam the same This is not about lifting children from their home communities, but it is about giving them outstanding educational opportunity, through a focused, extended day in grounds that are unheard of in inner-city London, before they go home at weekends

Damian

I don’t know what I want to do after university vimax pills Back in the centre, fashion and homewares chain Anthropologie opened its fifth UK store on New Bond Street in May

Myron

When do you want me to start? ketoconazole pills dosage tinea versicolor 31 as new corruption allegations came to light, saying it had a waiver from investors but not giving any details

Oscar

I’d like to pay this cheque in, please tramadol sale tramadol Secretary of State John Kerry was already visiting Kiev, the Ukrainian capital, and in Brussels, NATO prepared to boost its forces Thursday in response to Ukraine's unrest and Russia's increased military forcefulness.

Whitney

We’re at university together how long till you feel valium Consumers call the numbers and hang upbefore connecting and incurring charges, and then receivepromotion-related text messages.

Adolph

Your account’s overdrawn para que sirve el enalapril 20 mg tabletas The “Four Fathers” of hip hop — Afrika Bambaataa, Grand Wizzard Theodore, Grandmaster Melle Mel and Grandmaster Caz Brown — had pushed for the city’s first hip hop museum to be based in the Bronx, the birth place of hip hop.

Randell

Do you know what extension he’s on? clozaril vs clozapine She said she would now be looking at what it was, genetically, in those animals that made them survive, with a view to developing a drug.

Jerrell

I’m doing a phd in chemistry jenny craig in palm beach gardens Graham called living donors like Brandon and Sedicah “heroes” who “change the narrative.”

Vance

I’m doing a masters in law marathon man maca 1000 gnc
He stressed the success of Sony’s imaging sensors forcameras and its PlayStation 4, saying the company has sold 18.5million of the game consoles, putting it ahead of MicrosoftCorp’s Xbox One and Nintendo Co’s WiiU.

Joseph

I’m unemployed pink magic missile The practice has led to charges of cruelty as demand for this curious Indonesian novelty increases.

Ernesto

Not available at the moment maximor dosage
Wolters played sporadically this season under Kidd after averaging 7.2 points in 58 games last season under former coach Larry Drew

Maxwell

I want to report a green coffee pure cleanse pills DAVOS, Switzerland – Countries must devote more resources to fight global extremism, U.S

Connie

magic story very thanks valium after concussion Though we lived in a house in Manchester big enough for us all to enjoy a degree of privacy, we congregated in the living room

Edmund

Yes, I love it! estradiol tablets before ivf The Republican-controlled Congress will face a series of tax-and-spending challenges this year, each one testing its ability to get things done since Republicans won full control of Capitol Hill in November’s elections.

Jerrold

Could I have a statement, please? valium and nitrous oxide together “These twofunds continue to be the new investor favorites in theintermediate-term bond category.”

Augustine

It’s funny goodluck alprazolam with hydrocodone Along the way, I obviously developed a deeper and deeper tan – so I became used to seeing myself brown, and I didn't like looking pale anymore.

Sheldon

I’d like , please fierce deity link skyward sword Ryan has considerably underperformed this season the Jets were expected be at least mediocre and instead are hanging out in the cellar of the AFC East but Pace doesn’t think the failed year should fall completely on the coach.

Jonathan

I’m doing a phd in chemistry how long before mri should i take valium Surveillance use describes when users specifically check Facebook to see how their lives compare to their friends’ lives

Noble

How long have you lived here? bactrim cost The ride was in fact calmer than those taken with other bodas, and unlike some, as we ride along the congested streets no kerbs were scaled or mounted to avoid the traffic

Werner

I never went to university hydreane legere A quarry at Shap opened over the weekend to supply the rock armour, basically massive boulders dumped between the rails and the beach to dissipate the force of the waves

Buford

No, I’m not particularly sporty does bactrim treat streptococcus GenCorp Inc’s Aerojet Rocketdyne division bought about 40 of the mothballed engines for refurbishment and resale as AJ-26 motors.

Merle

I’m sorry, she’s sensei wu ninjago costume Riverside police told the Daily News that Lisa Flynt, 47, of Dayton, Ohio, remains in critical condition at Miami Valley Hospital Monday with life threatening injuries

Raleigh

I work here como se dice no supera mis expectativas en ingles The crisis started this month when the cash-starved statefuel importer slashed petrol imports by half and skippedoverseas fuel oil purchases altogether, worsening power cuts andleading to petrol shortages around the country.

Gaston

Three years blue tansy essential oil substitute
New York Governor Andrew Cuomo said authorities had already begun to beef up security at New York City’s mass transit sites before Abadi’s comments

Chris

I’d like to apply for this job quanto costa valium Click the link (right) to buy it now and style like Stephanie with a stronger colour on top (perhaps a cosy cashmere knit) and heels

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.